Occupational Therapy(OT)

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This section discusses the following topics :

>What Is Occupational Therapy(OT)?

>What Do OTs do?

>Where Do OTs work?

>Education & Preparation


>Professional Associations

What Is Occupational Therapy(OT)?

Occupational therapy is a health profession concerned with promoting health and well-being through occupation. Occupation refers to everything that people do during the course of everyday life (CAOT Position Statement on Everyday Occupations and Health, 2003). The primary goal of occupational therapy is to enable people to participate in the occupations which give meaning and purpose to their lives.

What Do OTs do?

An occupational therapist (OT) works with anyone who is having difficulty doing the activities that are important to them. OTs define occupation as everything that a person does each day, within each of the following categories:

  • Self-care
  • Leisure
  • Productivity

Where Do OTs work?

Occupational therapists are generally employed in

  • Community agencies
  • Hospitals
  • Chronic care facilities
  • Rehabilitation centres and clinics
  • Schools
  • Social agencies industry
  • Private practice

Education & Preparation

Occupational Therapy is offered as university program at a Baccalaureate or a Master's level. Programs include practice component with a minimum of 1000 hours of fieldwork education.

Occupational therapists must successfully pass the certification examination administered by the Canadian Association of Occupational Therapists or meet provincial registration qualifications. 


Occupational Therapy is listed under the Health Professions Act, 1991. Occupational therapists must be registered with their provincial regulatory organization in order to legally practise occupational therapy in Canada. Occupational Therapists in Ontario must be registered with the College of Occupational Therapists (COTO) in order to practice and use the title "Occupational Therapist".

Professional Associations










Inerprofessional Education Initiatives: Working together across disciplines